John Martin's Vision of Pandemonium in Hell

The devils in Hell create a great baroque palace called Pandemonium to console themselves for the loss of Heaven. This atmospheric vision of Pandemonium was painted by by John Martin in 1824 (now in the Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sidney). It illustrates the cosmic scale displayed by the Romantic imagination when devoted to Paradise Lost:

Anon out of the earth a Frabrick huge
Rose like an Exhalation, with the sound
Of Dulcet Symphonies and voices sweet,
Built like a Temple, where Pilasters round
Were set, and Doric pillars overlaid
With Golden Architrave; nor did there want
Cornice or Freeze, with bossy Sculptures grav'n,
The Roof was fretted Gold. Not Babilon
Nor great Alcairo such magnificence
Equal'd in all thir glories, to inshrine
Belus or Serapis thir Gods, or seat
Thir Kings, when Aegypt with Assyria strove
In wealth and luxurie. Th'ascending pile
Stood fixt her stately highth, and strait the dores
Op'ning thir brazen foulds discover wide
Within, her ample spaces, o're the smooth
And level pavement: from the arched roof
Pendant by suttle Magic many a row
Of Starry Lamps and blazing Cressets fed
With Naptha and Alphaltus yeilded light
As from a sky.

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